やさしい英語会話 (335) Schrödinger's Cat

Posted by: huepod





今月最後の話題は、量子力学の世界では有名な「シュレディンガーの猫」のお話です。英語でわかりやすく説明するのはなかなか難しいですが、頭の体操だと思って聞いてみましょう!
 

*** It's a Good Expression ***
(今回の重要表現)

breed
系統

science-thingy
科学っぽい

a bunch of
たくさんの

geeks
おたく

Oh, Lord!
まったく!

tormenting
人を苦しめるような

creepy
気味が悪い

bizarre
異様な

*** Script ***

Schrodinger's Cat

M: Hey Amy, have you ever heard of Schrodinger's Cat?

W: Ah, no, Sam. What is it? A new cat breed? I LOVE cats, by the way!

M: Ha ha! Schrodinger’s Cat is a well-known thought experiment suggested by a famous Austrian physicist named Erwin Schrodinger.

W: Erwin Schrodinger? Never heard of him. But this “Schrodinger’s Cat” experiment sounds very science-thingy to me. Go on.

M: OK. Let's say there's a cat inside an opaque box. That means you canNOT see inside the box.

W: Yes, an opaque box. So we do NOT know what’s happening inside.

M: Right. And also in the box is a flask containing deadly radioactive material. Of course, there is a radioactivity detector in the box as well.

W: Ah! What a poor cat! Sam, please don't kill our cute kitties!

M: Amy, this is a thought experiment! Not a real experiment! Anyway, there’s a 50% chance that the radioactivity will be detected by the machine. If the radioactivity is detected, the flask will be shattered, releasing the radiation. Of course, the cat will die.

W: No!! You "science people” are a bunch of geeks, killing poor animals!

M: Oh, Lord! Calm down! Let me finish the explanation. So... If we do NOT look in the box, there’s a 50% chance that the cat is alive or not. It’s in kind of a “zombie state.” Alive or dead? We don’t know. But if we DO look in the box, it’s either 100% alive or 100% dead.

W: Oh my god! Please stop! I don't want to hear something so tormenting anymore!

M: Amy, we're not killing the cat! Anyway, this shows how “observing something” changes the situation. That’s pretty unique, hey?

W: I don't want to talk to you anymore, Sam! All of you science people are creepy and bizarre! How can you treat a cat like that?

M: Oh boy...

(Written by Kyoung Jo)

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