ドラマで英語を学ぼう (50) Hoichi the Earless: From "Kwaidan" by Lafcadio Hearn (5)

Posted by: huepod





今月第1週は「ドラマで英語を学ぼう」をお届けします。

夏の風物詩といえば怪談!というわけで、今回は久々にLafcadio Hearn (1850-1904)の"Kwaidan" (1904) をお届けします。本ポッドキャストでは4年前に「おしどり」「」「雪女(1)」「雪女(2)」をお届けしましたが、今回は映画にもなり、体中にお経が書かれたあの琵琶法師の姿でおなじみ、「耳なし芳一」です。

今回は35分と少し長いですが、比較的わかりやすい英語で書かれ、日本人にとって親しみのある題材を扱った「怪談」は、英語学習にも適しています。どうぞ最後までお楽しみください。
 

[スクリプトは動画上に表示されます]
Hoichi the Earless

straits
= 海峡

a clan
= a family group, especially in history, or in remote villages of developing societies today. (Example: the Nobunaga clan)

to perish
= to be destroyed and disappear

utterly
= terribly

to be haunted
= ghosts lurk, 幽霊の出る

to hover about
= to wander around, うろつく、さまよっている
  
to flit
= to go or flash quickly, ひらひら飛び回る

pale
= not bright, 薄い

clamor
= noise and confusion

to be restless
= 落ち着かない、そわそわした

to appease
= to make (somebody) feel better because you did something bad、なだめる、やわらげる

a cemetery
= a place where dead people are buried and honored

to inscribe
= to carve (cut) some writing into a stone or other hard material, しるす、刻む

drowned
= dead from sinking in water

vassals
= servants and workers under a shogun or king

Buddhist services
= Buddhist religious ceremonies

on behalf of
= for, のために

a tomb
= cemetery memorial rocks, 墓, 記念の洞窟

to erect
= to make a building or a large structure such as a tomb

to give less trouble
= to not cause so many problems

queer
= strange

at intervals
= sometimes, once in a while, from time to time, occasionally

to find peace
= to be satisfied, relaxed, and not cause problems

blind
= not able to see

to be famed for
= to be famous for, to be well-known for…

recitation
= telling stories

to recite
= to tell stories

a lad
= a boy

to surpass (someone)
= to go even higher (than someone) in ability

chiefly
= mainly

to refrain from
= to avoid (doing), 控える、~を我慢する

an outset
= a beginning

a priest
= a religious leader of a temple or a Catholic church

gratefully
= thankfully

lodging
= sleeping facilities, 宿泊

to gratify
= to make happy, to satisfy

otherwise
= その他の点で

to be disengaged
= to be free (from doing work)

a parishioner
= a member of a temple or church

an acolyte
= an assistant (especially in a temple or church)

a verandah
= a porch, a walk-way between the garden and the building in a temple or traditional Japanese house, 縁側

to overlook
= to be above with a view

to relieve
= to ease the pain of, 楽にする

solitude
= loneliness

midnight
= 12:00 at night

to halt
= to stop

abruptly
= suddenly

unceremoniously
= without formalities

a manner
= a way, a behavior

to summon
= to order to come

an inferior
= a person with less power

a menace
= a danger, threatening

a lord
= a samurai leader

exceedingly
= great

a rank
= a level

an attendant
= the assistants of a lord or a king

at once
= right away, immediately

august
= noble, rich, honored, 恐れ多い

an assembly
= a group of people

lightly
= carelessly, without thought

to disobey
= to not follow the orders of

to don
= to wear

deftly
= skillfully

obliged
= required

iron
= very strong and similar to 鉄

a clank
= a noise of metal hitting against metal

a stride
= a walking step

armed
= with weapons

on duty
= working

a retainer
= a samurai’s assistant

an assurance
= speaking with confidence

presently
= at that moment

unbarring
= unlocking a heavy gate

the twain
= a pair of people (Note: old English)

to pass on
= to move forward

to traverse
= to move across

a screen
= 襖

in converse
= talking

a domestic
= a person who cleans and takes care of a house

noble
= rich

to conduct
= to lead, 案内する

conjecture
= deep thinking

to mount
= to climb

interminable
= unending

a reach
= an open area

polished
= 磨き上げた

planking
= boards (板) in the floor

pillared
= similar to pillars (柱)

angles
= 角度

widths
= distances

a matted floor
= 畳

vast
= huge

assembled
= gathered

rustling
= こすれる音

humming
= ブンブン

undertones
= whispers

a court
= a king/queen or samurai leader and all of his/her assistants

to put (someone) at ease
= to relax (someone)

a kneeling-cushion
= 座布団

to divine
= to guess, to imagine

a matron
= 女監督

in charge of
= responsible for

to address (someone)
= to formally speak to (someone)

to the accompaniment of
= with the background music of

to venture a question
= to dare to ask a question, 大胆無謀にも

a portion
= a part

augustly
= with respect, 荘厳な

to make answer
= to answer (Note: formal and old)

for the pity of it
= because the sadness of it

is the most deep
= is great

to chant
= to sing

to strain
= ぐいとやる

an oar
= オール、櫂(かい)

a whirr
= ヒューという音

the hissing of arrows
= シューという矢の音

to trample
= 踏みつける

to plunge
= to dive

a flood
= the big sea (Note: old English)

slain
= killed (by swords)

murmuring
= whispering

praise
= complements、褒めること

a province
= an region, 県

courage
= bravery

a hush
= quietness

wonder
= awe, 畏敬の念

the fate
= the destiny, 悲運

the fair
= beautiful people (Note: old English)

the helpless
= 無力な人たち

piteous
= 哀れな、痛ましい

to perish
= to die

a leap
= a jump

imperial
= related to an Emperor or King

an infant
= a young child

to utter
= to say, 言い表す

to shudder
= to shake

anguish
= 苦悩

to weep
= to cry (Note: the past form is “wept”)

to wail
= to cry in a loud voice

grief
= trouble, 嘆き

to sob
= to cry

lamentation
= sadness

to suppose
= to think, to guess

to be assured
= to be told with confidence, to be guaranteed

in recitative
= in story telling

to-night
= tonight (Note: old English)

pleased
= happy, satisfied

to bestow upon
= to give (Note: a king or samurai leader gives something to a less powerful person)

fitting
= appropriate, suitable

a reward
= 褒美

a sojourn
= travelling and staying somewhere

incognito
= hiding one’s presence and name, お忍びで、匿名で

duly
= dutifully, adequately,

to bid (someone) farewell
= to say goodbye to (someone) (Note: poetic. Also, the past form of “to bid” is “bade”)

to reproach
= to scold, to criticize

to be anxious
= to be worried

to accompany
= to go together with

evasively
= avoiding something, あいまいに

to attend to (something)
= to take care of (something), 事務を執る

to be pained by
= to be troubled by
 
reticence
= keeping quiet

to be bewitched
= 〜にたぶらかされる、〜にばかされる

to be deluded by
= to be tricked by, だまされる

evil spirits
= 悪霊

in case that
= in the event that, もしの場合に

a lantern
= ランタン、ちょうちん

evidently
= apparently, it seems like

for
= because

to make inquires
= to ask questions, to investigate

furiously
= in a crazy way, 猛烈に

to hasten
= to hurry

to resound
= to echo, 鳴り響く

mortal
= a normal person who will die in the end

strenuously
= with great effort

to rattle
= to make noise loudly, ガラガラ鳴る

clang
= clank, カーン

reprovingly
= criticizingly

to interrupt
= to interfere, 邪魔する、割り込む

in such a manner
= in this way

to be tolerated
= 許される

Whereat
= With that

weirdness
= craziness

to seize
= to grab

to be relieved of
= 脱がせる (Note: formal English)

by order of
= の命令で

to insist upon
= to say strongly, to demand

astonishing
= shocking

to hesitate
= to delay doing, ためらう

at last
= finally

conduct
= behavior, actions, manner

to alarm
= to worry, 不安を感じさせる

to abandon
= to give up

reserve
= reticence, hesitating

to relate
= to tell

any… whatever
= none at all, 全然ない

but
= but instead…

illusion
= fantasy, hallucinations, 錯覚

to obey
= to follow the orders of

to tear (something) to pieces
= 切れ切れに引き裂く

sooner or later
= eventually, in the end

in any event
= no matter what you do, いずれにしても

holy texts
= お経

to strip
= to take the clothes off of

to trace
= to write

a breast
= a chest

limbs
= arms and legs

soles
= 足の裏

the holy sutra
= 経典

Hannya-Shin-Kyo
= 般若心経

as if
= pretending to

to meditate
= めい想する

to stir
= to move a little

to be torn asunder
= to be ripped into pieces

laid
= put (Note: the past tense of “to lay” is “to put”)

planking
= floor boards

to assume the attitude of
= to be in the position of, ある態度をとる、〜のふりをする

to cough
= 咳をする

audibly
= in a way that can be heard

thus
= in this way

to hold (one’s) breath
= 息を殺す

grimly
= seriously and sadly, 厳格に

savagely
= wildly and angrily

as still as a stone
= without moving at all

to grumble
= to utter disapprovingly, うなるように言う

That won’t do!
= That is NOT good enough! I am not happy.

a fellow
= a guy, a man

deliberately
= carefully and with a goal, 慎重に

to halt
= to stop

dead silence
= complete silence

gruff
= husky and not friendly, しわがれ声、どら声

to mutter
= to grumble, to speak in a quiet way

footfalls
= footsteps

to recede
= to go into the distance

to descend
= to go down

to cease
= to finish

a trickling
= 滴り落ちるもの

to dare not to
= 〜しょうと思わない

to slip
= 滑る

clammy
= cold, wet, and sticky

to perceive
= to see, to notice

to ooze
= to drip in a bad way, じくじく流れ出る

a wound
= 怪我

My poor, Hoichi
= 可哀想です

to be startled
= to be shocked

to burst out
= 突然〜しだす

tearfully
= 涙ながらに

It’s all my fault!
= すべて私のせい

grievous
= serious and regretful

to make sure
= to confirm

~ cannot be helped
= 仕方がない

to heal
= 癒す

Cheer up!
= Don’t be sad!

to be well over
= to be totally finished

aid
= help

far and wide
= to many places

wealthy
= rich

the appellation of
= the name of

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